Circle-of-fifths notation

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The circle-of-fifths notation is suitable to open up the variety of tones of a selection of EDOs and regular temperaments of fifth generator. The principle is based on one of the intervals taking over the role of the fifth of the traditional classical notation system (in 12-EDO or the meantone tuning). The classical notation system uses seven root notes and accidentals (♯, ♭ and their multiples) to sharpen and flatten these root notes by the same amount (which is an octave-reduced stack of 7 fifths).

EDOs that are best supported by this system are those whose fifth does not deviate too much from the pure fifth 3/2 (702 cent) and that can be represented by only one ring of fifths. 24edo, as a counter-example to this, contains two rings. If we as well demand that whole tones (2*P5 - P8), diatonic semitones (3*P8 - 5*P5), and chromatic semitones (shifts caused by one accidental, 7*P5 - 4*P8), use a positive number of steps, we lose all EDOs below 12 EDO and also 13, 16, 18, and 23.

EDOs up to 100

EDOs up to 100 are listed in the following table. The unit (if not stated otherwise) is steps of the corresponding EDO which is given in the first column of each row. The list contains only those EDOs whose all degrees can be reached by stacking the patent fifth of the respective EDO.

Octave/
Edo
Fifth Fifth-detuning
abs(¢), rel(%)
Whole
tone
Diatonic
semitone
Chromatic
semitone
12 7 -2.0 ( -2.0%) 2 1 1
17 10 +3.9 ( +5.6%) 3 1 2
19 11 -7.2 (-11.4%) 3 2 1
22 13 +7.1 (+13.1%) 4 1 3
26 15 -9.6 (-20.9%) 4 3 1
27 16 +9.2 (+20.6%) 5 1 4
29 17 +1.5 ( +3.6%) 5 2 3
31 18 -5.2 (-13.4%) 5 3 2
32 19 +10.5 (+28.1%) 6 1 5
33 19 -11.0 (-30.4%) 5 4 1
37 22 +11.6 (+35.6%) 7 1 6
39 23 +5.7 (+18.6%) 7 2 5
40 23 -12.0 (-39.9%) 6 5 1
41 24 +0.5 ( +1.7%) 7 3 4
42 25 +12.3 (+43.2%) 8 1 7
43 25 -4.3 (-15.3%) 7 4 3
45 26 -8.6 (-32.3%) 7 5 2
46 27 +2.4 ( +9.2%) 8 3 5
47 27 -12.6 (-49.3%) 7 6 1
49 29 +8.2 (+33.7%) 9 2 7
50 29 -6.0 (-24.8%) 8 5 3
53 31 -0.1 ( -0.3%) 9 4 5
55 32 -3.8 (-17.3%) 9 5 4
56 33 +5.2 (+24.2%) 10 3 7
59 35 +9.9 (+48.7%) 11 2 9
61 36 +6.2 (+31.7%) 11 3 8
63 37 +2.8 (+14.7%) 11 4 7
64 37 -8.2 (-43.8%) 10 7 3
65 38 -0.4 ( -2.3%) 11 5 6
67 39 -3.4 (-19.2%) 11 6 5
69 40 -6.3 (-36.2%) 11 7 4
70 41 +0.9 ( +5.3%) 12 5 7
71 42 +7.9 (+46.8%) 13 3 10
73 43 +4.9 (+29.8%) 13 4 9
74 43 -4.7 (-28.7%) 12 7 5
75 44 +2.0 (+12.8%) 13 5 8
77 45 -0.7 ( -4.2%) 13 6 7
79 46 -3.2 (-21.2%) 13 7 6
80 47 +3.0 (+20.3%) 14 5 9
81 47 -5.7 (-38.2%) 13 8 5
83 49 +6.5 (+44.8%) 15 4 11
88 51 -6.5 (-47.7%) 14 9 5
89 52 -0.8 ( -6.2%) 15 7 8
90 53 +4.7 (+35.3%) 16 5 11
91 53 -3.1 (-23.2%) 15 8 7
94 55 +0.2 ( +1.4%) 16 7 9
95 56 +5.4 (+42.9%) 17 5 12
97 57 +3.2 (+25.9%) 17 6 11
98 57 -4.0 (-32.6%) 16 9 7
99 58 +1.1 ( +8.9%) 17 7 10

See also