99edo

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← 98edo99edo100edo →
Prime factorization 32 × 11
Step size 12.1212¢ 
Fifth 58\99 (703.03¢)
Semitones (A1:m2) 10:7 (121.2¢ : 84.85¢)
Consistency limit 9
Distinct consistency limit 9
Special properties

The 99 equal divisions of the octave (99edo), or the 99(-tone) equal temperament (99tet, 99et) when viewed from a regular temperament perspective, is the equal division of the octave into 99 parts of about 12.1 cents each, a size close to 126/125, the starling comma.

Theory

99edo is a very strong 7-limit (and 9-odd-limit) tuning. It tempers out 393216/390625 (würschmidt comma) and 1600000/1594323 (amity comma) in the 5-limit; 2401/2400 (breedsma), 3136/3125 (hemimean comma), and 4375/4374 (ragisma) in the 7-limit, supporting hemififths, amity, parakleismic, hemiwürschmidt and ennealimmal temperaments, and is pretty well a perfect tuning for hendecatonic temperament. It has a sound defined by the slight sharpness (1.075, 1.565, 0.871 cents) of its 3, 5, and 7.

Extending it to the 11-limit requires choosing which mapping one wants to use, as both are nearly equally far off the mark. Using the patent val, 99edo is the optimal patent val for the rank-4 temperament tempering out 121/120; zeus, the rank-3 temperament tempering out 121/120 and 176/175; hemiwür, one of the rank-2 11-limit extensions of hemiwürschmidt; and hitchcock (an 11-limit amity extension), the rank-2 temperament which also tempers out 2200/2187. Using the 99 157 230 278 343] (99e) val, it tempers out 243/242, 441/440, 540/539 and 896/891, and is an excellent tuning for the 11-limit version of hemififths temperament. Hence 99 equal divisions, in spite of the fact that it tunes 11 relatively badly, is an important 11-limit tuning in more than one way.

The same can be said of the mapping for 13, with its patent val tempering out 169/168, 351/350 and 352/351, and the 99ef val tempering out 144/143, 196/195, 352/351 and 364/363.

Skipping 11 and 13, it is a very strong system in the 2.3.5.7.17.19.23.29 subgroup.

Prime harmonics

Approximation of prime harmonics in 99edo
Harmonic 2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31
Error absolute (¢) +0.00 +1.08 +1.57 +0.87 -5.86 -4.16 +4.14 +5.52 +2.03 +0.73 -5.64
relative (%) +0 +9 +13 +7 -48 -34 +34 +46 +17 +6 -47
Steps
(reduced)
99
(0)
157
(58)
230
(32)
278
(80)
342
(45)
366
(69)
405
(9)
421
(25)
448
(52)
481
(85)
490
(94)

Intervals

Regular temperament properties

Subgroup Comma List Mapping Optimal
8ve Stretch (¢)
Tuning Error
Absolute (¢) Relative (%)
2.3 [157 -99 [99 157]] -0.339 0.339 2.80
2.3.5 393216/390625, 1600000/1594323 [99 157 230]] -0.451 0.319 2.63
2.3.5.7 2401/2400, 3136/3125, 4375/4374 [99 157 230 278]] -0.416 0.283 2.33
2.3.5.7.11 243/242, 441/440, 896/891, 3136/3125 [99 157 230 278 343]] (99e) -0.694 0.612 5.05
2.3.5.7.11 121/120, 176/175, 1375/1372, 2200/2187 [99 157 230 278 342]] (99) +0.006 0.881 7.27
  • 99et is lower in relative error than any previous equal temperaments in the 7-limit. Not until 171 do we find a better equal temperament in terms of either absolute error or relative error.

Rank-2 temperaments

Table of rank-2 temperaments by generator
Periods
per 8ve
Generator
(Reduced)
Cents
(Reduced)
Associated
Ratio
Temperament
1 2\99 24.242 686/675, 99/98 Sengagen (99e) / sengage (99ef)
1 7\99 84.848 21/20 Amicable
1 16\99 193.939 28/25 Hemiwürschmidt (99e) / hemithir (99ef) / hemiwur (99f)
1 19\99 230.303 8/7 Gamera
1 20\99 242.424 147/128 Septiquarter
1 25\99 303.030 25/21 Quinmite
1 26\99 315.152 6/5 Parakleismic (99) / paralytic (99e) / parkleismic (99) / paradigmic (99e)
1 28\99 339.394 128/105 Amity (99ef) / hitchcock (99)
1 29\99 351.515 49/40 Hemififths (99ef)
1 32\99 387.879 5/4 Würschmidt / whirrschmidt
1 41\99 496.970 4/3 Undecental
1 37\99 448.485 35/27 Semidimfourth
3 5\99 60.606 28/27 Chromat
3 13\99 157.576 35/32 Nessafof
3 41\99
(8\99)
496.970
(96.970)
4/3
(18/17~19/18)
Misty
9 4\99 48.485 36/35 Ennealimmal (99e) / ennealimmia (99) /
ennealimnic (99ef) / ennealim (99e) / ennealiminal (99)
11 41\99
(4\99)
496.970
(48.485)
4/3
(36/35)
Hendecatonic

Scales

Music

Bryan Deister
Mundoworld
Gene Ward Smith

See also

  • 157edt – relative EDT
  • 58edf – relative EDF
  • 87edo, 94edo, 111edo – similarly sized edos all with consistency in higher harmonics.
  • 198edo, the half-sized edo to reconcile the mappings of 11 and 13.
  • 105edo, a similarly sized edo that supports meantone, septimal meantone, undecimal meantone and grosstone