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The 70 equal division divides the octave into 70 equal parts of 17.14286 cents each. It was singled out by William Stoney in his article "Theoretical Possibilities for Equally Tempered Systems" (in the book The Computer and Music) as one of the six best systems of size 72 or smaller, along with 72, 58, 53, 65 and 41. These other systems have had notice paid to them, but the same does not seem to be true of 70, which seems to have been ignored ever since.

The patent val for 70edo tempers out 2028/2025, making it a diaschismic system. An alternative mapping is 70c, with a flat rather than a sharp major third, tempering out 32805/32768. In the 7-limit, the patent val tempers out 126/125, 5120/5103 and 2430/2401, and provides the optimum patent val for kumonga temperament. The 70cd val tempers out 225/224 and 3125/3087 instead. The alternative mapping begans to make more sense in the 11-limit and higher, where the patent val tempers out 99/98 and 121/120 in the 11-limit, 169/168 and 352/351 in the 13-limit, and 221/220 in the 17-limit. 70cd on the other hand, with flat 5 and 7, tempers out 100/99 and 245/242 in the 11-limit, 105/104 and 196/195 in the 13-limit, and 154/153 and 170/169 in the 17-limit. 70 also makes sense as a no 5 or 7 system, tempering out 131769/131072 in the 11-limit, 352/351 and 2197/2187 in the 13-limit, and 289/288 and 1089/1088 in the 17-limit.

The 17-limit 2*70 subgroup, on which 70 is tuned like 140edo, is