100/99
Ratio | 100/99 |
Factorization | 2^{2} × 3^{-2} × 5^{2} × 11^{-1} |
Monzo | [2 -2 2 0 -1⟩ |
Size in cents | 17.399484¢ |
Names | Ptolemy's comma, ptolemisma |
Color name | 1uyy1, luyoyo 1sn, Luyoyo comma |
FJS name | [math]\text{A1}^{5,5}_{11}[/math] |
Special properties | square superparticular, reduced |
Tenney height (log_{2} nd) | 13.2732 |
Weil height (log_{2} max(n, d)) | 13.2877 |
Wilson height (sopfr (nd)) | 31 |
Harmonic entropy (Shannon, [math]\sqrt{nd}[/math]) |
~3.37611 bits |
Comma size | small |
S-expression | S10 |
open this interval in xen-calc |
In just intonation, 100/99, the Ptolemy's comma or ptolemisma, is a superparticular interval of around 17.4¢ which makes the difference between 11/10, the greater undecimal neutral second of about 165¢, and 10/9, the 5-limit minor whole tone of about 182.4¢.
Tempering
Temperaments in which 100/99 is tempered out include 22edo, 41edo and others; in such systems, 11/10 and 10/9 are equated. This is in contrast to the more familiar tempering out of 81/80, which results in meantone and other temperaments, in which 10/9 is equated, not with 11/10, but with 9/8. However, meantone and ptolemismic are not necessarily mutually exclusive–the flattone temperament (known as "hypnotone" in the 2.3.5.11 subgroup) merges both and has 11/10, 10/9 and 9/8 all tempered to a 10/9-like interval. Along with being the difference between 11/10 and 10/9, 100/99 is the amount by which an 11/8 and two 6/5s fall short of an octave, so that tempering out 100/99 allows for the ptolemismic triad which has intervals of 11/8, 6/5, 6/5. It is also the difference between 25/24 and 33/32. In terms of commatic relations it notably factors into 225/224 and 896/891.
Approximation
If the interval is not tempered and instead treated as an identity, it is extremely closely represented by one step of 69edo. The associated unnoticeable comma, ptolemi-nicema, represents the difference between 69 100/99s and the octave, is only 0.56 cents wide.
See also
- Ptolemismic triad
- Rank-4 temperament #Ptolemismic (100/99)
- Ptolemismic clan, the clan of rank-3 temperaments where it is tempered out
- Small comma
- List of superparticular intervals
- Gallery of just intervals