Medium comma

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A medium comma is a comma whose size is approximately between 30 and 100 cents. These commas are easily perceptible.

For commas over 100 cents, see Large comma; for commas under 30 cents, see Small comma; for such under 3.5 cents see Unnoticeable comma.

Except for the 3-limit commas, the color name refers to both the comma and the temperament created when it is tempered out.

List of commas, by prime limit

3-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
limma, Pythagorean minor second small wa 2nd sw2 256 / 243 [8 -5 90.225
17-comma wa-17 comma ssw3 134217728 / 129140163 [27 -17 66.765
70-comma wa-70 comma w-70 [111 -70 63.15
77-comma wa-77 comma w-77 [-122 77 50.535
29-comma wa-29 comma w-29 70368744177664 / 68630377364883 [46 -29 43.305

5-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
hogzilla Lala-yoyo LLyy-2 4428675 / 4194304 [-22 11 2 94.132
major chroma, major limma, pelogic comma Layobi Ly1 135 / 128 [-7 3 1 92.179
double small gu 3rd Sasagu ssg3 8388608 / 7971615 [23 -13 -1 88.271
bohpier, 13edt comma Satheyo sy13-2 1220703125 / 1162261467 [0 -19 13 84.933
ripple Quingu g52 6561 / 6250 [-1 8 -5 84.071
doublewide Quadbiyo y8-2 390625 / 373248 [-9 -6 8 78.78
sevond Sasepyo sy71 5000000 / 4782969 [6 -14 7 76.826
nusecond Legu g113 51018336 / 48828125 [5 13 -11 75.964
sentinel Trila-quadyo L3y4-3 8968066875 / 8589934592 [-33 15 4 74.580
stump Latriyo Ly3-2 273375 / 262144 [-18 7 3 72.626
chromatic semitone Yoyo yy1 25 / 24 [-3 -1 2 70.672
superpyth, grave minor second Sayo sy2 20480 / 19683 [12 -9 1 68.719
major diesis, diminished comma Quadgu g42 648 / 625 [3 4 -4 62.565
passion Saquingu sg53 262144 / 253125 [18 -4 -5 60.611
shibboleth Tritriyo y9-2 1953125 / 1889568 [-5 -10 9 57.273
mynic Quinbigu g103 10077696 / 9765625 [9 9 -10 54.458
tritonic Lala-quinyo LLy5-3 553584375 / 536870912 [-29 11 5 53.074
negri comma, double augmentation diesis Laquadyo Ly4-2 16875 / 16384 [-14 3 4 51.120
maximal diesis, porcupine Triyo y31 250 / 243 [1 -5 3 49.166
mowgli, 15edt comma Laquintrigu Lg153 31381059609 / 30517578125 [0 22 -15 48.304
immunity Sasa-yoyo ssyy2 1638400 / 1594323 [16 -13 2 47.212
lalagu comma Lalagu LLg-2 43046721 / 41943040 [-23 16 -1 44.966
diesis, augmented comma Trigu g32 128 / 125 [7 0 -3 41.059
wizard Lala-quadtriyo LLy12-4 2197265625 / 2147483648 [-31 2 12 39.675
sycamore Laleyo Ly11-3 48828125 / 47775744 [-16 -6 11 37.721
absurdity Lala-sepgu LLg71 10460353203 / 10240000000 [-17 21 -7 36.859
fifive Saquinbiyo sy10-2 9765625 / 9565938 [-1 -14 10 35.767
unicorn Laquadbigu Lg82 1594323 / 1562500 [-2 13 -8 34.905
valentine comma Satritrigu sg93 1990656 / 1953125 [13 5 -9 32.952
ampersand, Ampersand's comma Lala-tribiyo LLy6-3 34171875 / 33554432 [-25 7 6 31.567
mabila comma Sasa-quinbigu ssg104 268435456 / 263671875 [28 -3 -10 30.998

7-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
hexadecatone comma, 16-7-comma Sasa-quadquadrubi ssr16-6 35184372088832 / 33232930569601 [45 0 0 -16 98.785
29-7/5-comma [-14 0 -29 29 92.854
47-35-comma [-241 0 47 47 91.562
minor semitone Zogu zg2 21 / 20 [-2 1 -1 1 84.467
39-7/5-comma [19 0 39 -39 82.024
laruru negative 2nd Laruru Lrr-2 6561 / 6272 [-7 8 0 -2 77.988
36-7-comma [-101 0 0 36 77.733
bapbo Rurugu rrg1 256 / 245 [8 0 -1 -2 76.034
18-21-comma [-79 18 0 18 74.056
15-35-comma [77 0 -15 -15 72.906
slendro integer cents comma [1123 0 0 -400 69.637
47-7-comma [132 0 0 -47 65.182
33-21-comma [145 -33 0 -33 64.23
Archytas' 1/3-tone Zo z2 28 / 27 [2 -3 0 1 62.961
31-7/5-comma [-15 0 -31 31 57.878
greenwoodma Ruruyo rry-2 405 / 392 [-3 4 1 -2 56.482
21-7-comma 576460752303423488 / 558545864083284007 [59 0 0 -21 54.656
Harrison's comma Laru Lr-2 59049 / 57344 [-13 10 0 -1 50.724
39-35-comma [-200 0 39 39 50.445
keega Trizogu z3g33 1029 / 1000 [-3 1 -3 3 49.492
septimal quarter tone Rugu rg1 36 / 35 [2 2 -1 -1 48.77
37-7/5-comma [18 0 37 -37 47.049
5-21-comma Saquinru sr5-2 4194304 / 4084101 [22 -5 0 -5 46.095
cloudy Laquinzo Lz53 16807 / 16384 [-14 0 0 5 44.13
Avicenna, Avicenna's enharmonic diesis Lazoyoyo Lzyy1 525 / 512 [-9 1 2 1 43.408
8-35-comma Lala-quadbizoyo LLz8y82 2251875390625 / 2199023255552 [-41 0 8 8 41.117
slendro diesis Zozo zz2 49 / 48 [-4 -1 0 2 35.697
tritonic diesis, jubilisma Biruyo rryy-2 50 / 49 [1 0 2 -2 34.976
eric Sepru r7-4 839808 / 823543 [7 8 0 -7 33.859
German sixth comma [-87 0 0 31 33.603
23-35-comma [118 0 -23 -23 31.789

11-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
11-cycle major seventh prote, 35-11-comma [-121 0 0 0 35 96.128
undecimal minor semitone Loru 1or1 22 / 21 [1 -1 0 -1 1 80.537
11-cycle chroma, 11-11-comma Lala-lelo LL1o11-3 285311670611 / 274877906944 [-38 0 0 0 11 64.497
lalu unison Lalu L1u1 729 / 704 [-6 6 0 0 -1 60.412
undecimal comma, al-Farabi's 1/4-tone Ilo 1o1 33 / 32 [-5 1 0 0 1 53.273
sterno Lotriru 1or3-2 352 / 343 [5 0 0 -3 1 44.84
1/5-tone Loyo 1uy1 45 / 44 [-2 2 1 0 -1 38.906
Hunt flat 5 comma Salu s1u2 8192 / 8019 [13 -6 0 0 -1 36.952
the Igs boson, 13-11-comma Sasa-thelu ss1u134 35184372088832 / 34522712143931 [45 0 0 0 -13 32.867
telepathma Loyo 1oy1 55 / 54 [-1 -3 1 0 1 31.767
Hunt 11-cycle comma [-83 0 0 0 24 31.631
undecimal diesis Lozogu 1uzg2 56 / 55 [3 0 -1 1 -1 31.194

13-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
small tridecimal third tone Thu 3u1 27 / 26 [-1 3 0 0 0 -1 65.337
large tridecimal third tone Thogu 3og2 26 / 25 [1 0 -2 0 0 1 67.9
tridecimal comma, Hunt minor submediant comma Latho L3o1 1053 / 1024 [-10 4 0 0 0 1 48.348
tridecimal minor diesis Thuyo 3uy1 40 / 39 [3 -1 1 0 0 -1 43.831
astburyp Latribitho L3o62 4826809 / 4718592 [-19 -2 0 0 0 6 39.256

17-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
Arabic lute index finger Su 17u1 18 / 17 [1 2 0 0 0 0 -1 98.955
12 semitone comma Lala-quadtriso LL17o126 582622237229761 / 562949953421312 [-49 0 0 0 0 0 12 59.465
solu 2nd Solu 17o1u2 34 / 33 [1 -1 0 0 -1 0 1 51.682
septendecimal 1/4-tone Suzoyo 17uzy1 35 / 34 [-1 0 1 1 0 0 -1 50.184
11 semitone comma Sasa-lesu ss17u11-5 35184372088832 / 34271896307633 [45 0 0 0 0 0 -11 45.49
17th-partial chroma Sogugu 17ogg2 51 / 50 [-1 1 -2 0 0 0 1 34.283
sutho unison Sutho 17u3o1 52 / 51 [2 -1 0 0 0 1 -1 33.617
Hunt 17-cycle comma [139 0 0 0 0 0 -34 31.516

19-limit commas

Name(s) Color Name Ratio Monzo Cents
undevicesimal semitone Ino 19o2 19 / 18 [-1 -2 0 0 0 0 0 1 93.603
small undevicesimal semitone Nuyo 19uy1 20 / 19 [2 0 1 0 0 0 0 -1 88.801
nutho unison Nutho 19u3o1 39 / 38 [-1 1 0 0 0 1 0 -1 44.97
noru unison Noru 19or1 57 / 56 [-3 1 0 -1 0 0 0 1 30.642