4/3
Ratio | 4/3 |
Factorization | 2^{2} × 3^{-1} |
Monzo | [2 -1⟩ |
Size in cents | 498.045¢ |
Name | just perfect fourth |
Color name | w4, wa 4th |
FJS name | [math]\text{P4}[/math] |
Special properties | square superparticular, reduced |
Tenney height (log_{2} nd) | 3.58496 |
Weil height (log_{2} max(n, d)) | 4 |
Wilson height (sopfr (nd)) | 7 |
Harmonic entropy (Shannon, [math]\sqrt{nd}[/math]) |
~3.81657 bits |
[sound info] | |
open this interval in xen-calc |
4/3 is the frequency ratio of the just perfect fourth, which is easily one of the more heavily discussed intervals outside of xenharmony- in fact, some of these usages have gone on to inspire other music theories within xenharmonic contexts, such as certain ideas about tetrachords. As its inversion is the perfect fifth, 3/2, 4/3 is the octave reduced form of the third subharmonic. In the florid organum of Medieval music, 4/3 was reliably considered a consonance, and indeed was frequently emphasized. Once major thirds with a tuning approximating 5/4 began to be treated as consonances, however, the perception of 4/3 was altered to where it was at times considered a dissonance. However, as of late, the perfect fourth is once again being reevaluated as a consonance.
Approximations by EDOs
The following EDOs (up to 200) contain good approximations^{[1]} of the interval 4/3. Errors are given by magnitude, the arrows in the table show if the EDO representation is sharp (↑) or flat (↓).
EDO | deg\edo | Absolute error (¢) |
Relative error (r¢) |
↕ | Equally acceptable multiples ^{[2]} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
12 | 5\12 | 1.9550 | 1.9550 | ↑ | 10\24, 15\36 |
17 | 7\17 | 3.9274 | 5.5637 | ↓ | |
29 | 12\29 | 1.4933 | 3.6087 | ↓ | |
41 | 17\41 | 0.4840 | 1.6537 | ↓ | 34\82, 51\123, 68\164 |
53 | 22\53 | 0.0682 | 0.3013 | ↑ | 44\106, 66\159 |
65 | 27\65 | 0.4165 | 2.2563 | ↑ | 54\130, 81\195 |
70 | 29\70 | 0.9021 | 5.2625 | ↓ | |
77 | 32\77 | 0.6563 | 4.2113 | ↑ | |
89 | 37\89 | 0.8314 | 6.1663 | ↑ | |
94 | 39\94 | 0.1727 | 1.3525 | ↓ | 78\188 |
111 | 46\111 | 0.7477 | 6.9162 | ↓ | |
118 | 49\118 | 0.2601 | 2.5575 | ↑ | |
135 | 56\135 | 0.2672 | 3.0062 | ↓ | |
142 | 59\142 | 0.5466 | 6.4675 | ↑ | |
147 | 61\147 | 0.0858 | 1.0512 | ↓ | |
171 | 71\171 | 0.2006 | 2.8588 | ↑ | |
176 | 73\176 | 0.3177 | 4.6600 | ↓ | |
183 | 76\183 | 0.3157 | 4.8138 | ↑ | |
200 | 83\200 | 0.0450 | 0.7500 | ↓ |