Fractional-octave temperaments are valuable with regards to polysystemicism and polychromatics. They are acoustically significant with regards to containing modes of limited transposition, as well as their ability to expand on the harmony of the equal division they are a superset of. Such temperaments are also a way of introducing less common and harmonically less performing equal divisions into music that prefers consonance and is based on regular temperament theory.
The terminology was developed by Eliora. The equal division containing the mos scale of such a temperament, starting from the tonic, is referred to as a wireframe, and individual notes of that equal division are called hinges. Thus in this context, the wireframe is the tuning consisting of only stacks of the period and no stacks of the generator. Temperament-agnostically, this can be used to refer to any structure embedded in an (x,y)-ET which repeats y times within that period, its "wireframe" is y-ET. If an equal division is a subset of a temperament, it is said to subtend the temperament, just how hinges on a ferris wheel subtend the structure to make it rotate and function.
The most common way to produce a fractional-octave temperament is through an excellent approximation of an interval relative to the size of the wireframe edo. For example, compton family tempers out the Pythagorean comma and maps 7 steps of 12edo to 3/2. Likewise, a lot of 10th-octave temperaments have a 13/8 as 7\10, and 26th-octave temperaments often have a 7/4 for 21\26.
However, an equal division does not have to be harmonically decent to be a wireframe for a fractional-octave temperament. If an equal division has multiples which are high in consistency or are zeta equal divisions or otherwise harmonically strong, it can produce a lot of such temperaments - notable examples being 20edo or 32edo. Likewise, proximity of a step of equal division to a comma is often a source of these temperaments - for example 56edo's step being directly close to 81/80, and 44edo's step being extremely close to 64/63.
Disagreement between temperament catalog strategy and fractional-octave practice
Traditional regular temperament perspective on periods and generators has a shortcoming when it comes to handling fractional-octave temperaments, as it treats divisions of periods (for example, what hemiennealimmal is to ennealimmal) as extensions of a temperament with a subset period. However, fractional-octave temperaments and scales are sought for being able to treat an each equal division as an entity in its own right, so a composer might find hemiennealimmal to be a drastically different system to ennealimmal in line with 18edo being very different from 9edo. This facet is reflected by the distinction of strong and weak extensions.
A particularly strong offender of this is the landscape microtemperaments list, which features temperaments which are all supersets of 3edo, but from a composer's perspective it contains wildly different temperaments due to the fact that edo multiples of 3 themselves are different. For example, magnesium (12), and zinc (30), are both landscape systems due to being multiples of 3, but 30edo is drastically different from 12edo in terms of composition, and therefore such temperaments are not alike at all.
Individual pages of temperaments by subtending equal division
2 to 40
Many pages are yet to be created.
40 and up
* Countercomp family
** Mercator family equated with 53rd-octave temperaments until otherwise discovered, also contains 106th-octave temperaments
Temperaments discussed elsewhere
Temperaments discussed as a part of a commatic family, or otherwise in temperament lists unrelated to fractional-octave theory include:
- 1\2 period temperaments
- 1\3 period temperaments
- 1\4 period temperaments
- 1\5 period temperaments
- 1\6 period temperaments
- Akjaysmic temperaments (1\7 period)
- Octoid, octant (1\8 period)
- Tritrizo temperaments (1\9 period)
- Linus temperaments (1\10 period)
- Hendecatonic, undeka (1\11 period)
- Compton, atomic (1\12 period)
- Triskaidekic, tridecatonic, trideci, aluminium (1\13 period)
- Silicon (1\14 period)
- Pentadecal, quindecic (1\15 period)
- Hexadecoid, sedecic (1\16 period)
- Chlorine (1\17 period)
- Hemiennealimmal (1\18 period)
- Enneadecal, meanmag (1\19 period)
- Degrees (1\20 period)
- Akjayland (1\21 period)
- Icosidillic (1\22 period)
- Icositritonic (1\23 period)
- Hours, chromium (1\24 period)
- Trinealimmal, cobalt (1\27 period)
- Oquatonic (1\28 period)
- Mystery, copper (1\29 period)
- Birds (1\31 period)
- Decades (1\36 period)
- Hemienneadecal, semihemienneadecal (1\38 period)
- Counterpyth temperaments, niobium (1\41 period)
- Meridic (1\43 period)
- Palladium (1\46 period)
- Omicronbeta (1\72 period)
- Iridium (1\77 period)
- Octogintic, (1\80 period)
- Garistearn (1\94 period)
- Undecentic (1\99 period)
- Auric (1\159 period)
- Schisennealimmal (1\171 period)
- Lunennealimmal (1\441 period)