# User talk:Godtone

## Welcome

Hello there! I'm glad to finally see someone else here who thinks that powers of two in the denominator are important. That said, I would add that numerators with powers of two also have a similar effect (shared harmonics that suggest the Tonic as a fundamental of sorts), and thus also help to establish a sense of tonality. I call the type of consonance exhibited by intervals with powers of two in the numerator and the denominator "connectivity", though it arguably needs a better name. I also have a lower threshold for intervals that can meaningfully be distinguished- this being at around 7 cents- the reason being that intervals of that size are still noticeable when the two notes are played side by side, and that intervals that are 7-10 cents in difference from one another can still be exploited to seamlessly modulate between keys that are not on the same series of fifths. I also deal in 11-limit harmony quite frequently, and I should mention that I prefer 27/16 over 5/3 for the major sixth above the Tonic because of both the virtual fundamental effect and connectivity-related reasons. --Aura (talk) 01:25, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- Hello Godtone. If there is anything you need, please ask. --Xenwolf (talk) 08:08, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- Hi uhm, how do I reply "properly" (if there is a way to reply "properly") so that it shows up like a comment on the talk page? As of now I'm just trying to replicate the plaintext markdown. Another thing is where do I read on conventions/etc. on editing pages for commas/intervals and EDOs? --Godtone (talk) 10:12, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- Yes, replying is by indenting by one (via colons at line start). This convention is restricted to
*talk*(or*diskussion*) pages. Written conventions are a work in progress. Currently the "rules" for these three sorts of pages are a bit under construction. The pages Xenharmonic Wiki:Conventions and Xenharmonic Wiki:Things to do (including discussions), and maybe also Template talk:Infobox ET may give you an idea... --Xenwolf (talk) 14:34, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- Yes, replying is by indenting by one (via colons at line start). This convention is restricted to

- Hi Aura, I've considered the issues you raised with my stopping points before for the most part. The reason I disinclude 14/13 is, while it is noticeable when played side-by-side with 13/12, I think this is an idealised situation for judgement because in a lot of music in practice, the notes won't be as clear, won't be played as long, will be played with other notes/sounds that serve to obfuscate their precise judgement and will be played with not-too-precise - or worse inharmonic - timbres, plus it should also be considered that a lot of the range of human pitch hearing is of significantly lower precision than in its optimal range of frequencies. The final reason for disincluding 14/13 is basically what I said in my explanation: I find the difference between 13/12 and 14/13 to be uncomfortably small, and so wouldn't want to have to differentiate them, meanwhile 13/12 is pretty distinct from 12/11 or 15/14. As for powers of 2 in the numerator, I find that this generalises to a 2^n in a chord usually helping with orientation significantly, however, I don't find that the presence of factors of 2 in a numerator necessarily help with orientation if there are other factors there, plus if we allow that sort of thinking, shouldn't 9/7 be considered to be fairly "connected" just because it can be written as 18/14 or 36/28? I do think there is a little validity to this reasoning, but overall I think powers of 2 are more pleasing and orienting when in the denominator, although I admit 2^n in the numerator is a special case. Having said that, I personally dislike 16/15 as it sounds too complex to me and it doesn't sound very "connected" to me while 8/7 sounds somewhat connected. I'm also keeping the superparticulars in consideration slightly on the minimal side because of later thoughts of mine introducing more complexity (as there is plenty of ratios that can be built from these superparticulars alone for example). My last point is that maybe you misunderstood my intent for this limit as a melodic one rather than a harmonic one. A 10c difference is far from nothing harmonically, but melodically it is very little. I focus on the melodic rather than the harmonic as the harmonic can be very precise with very precise and harmonic timbres, and approximating pure JI with rank one temperaments eventually seems slightly futile (at that point, why not just JI?), hence me drawing the line where I have. Sorry for the verbose response; hope this gives some insight. (Further insights will hopefully come when I add more to my user page later.) Godtone (talk) 13:15, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- It sounds like you confuse "connectivity" with "concordance"- the latter of which is discussed on the harmonic entropy article, "connectivity" and "concordance" are both types of consonance, but they are different in that "connectivity" only exists between the fundamental and its partials- that is, overtones and undertones as well as their octave-reduced counterparts. Oh, and yes, you can actually get away with something like 27/16 or even 32/19 when it comes to connectivity. Only ratios with numerators and or denominators that are pure powers of two (such as 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, etc.) count as demonstrating "connectivity", so ratios like 4/3 or 16/15 actually count when it comes to connectivity whereas 15/14 doesn't. I'll be honest, 16/15 doesn't really sound all that complex to me- in fact it actually sounds pretty simple, and the fact that a power of two is in the numerator (resulting in a shared harmonic) actually helps with orientation- not to mention that its inverse is 15/8, a very pleasing major seventh that is easily bridged by the likes of ratios like 5/4 and 3/2. Meanwhile, 15/14 has to be placed somewhere else in the melody and harmony in order to function properly as 15/14 is less than ideal as the distance between your Lead and your Tonic precisely because of the missing fundamental effect- yes, I've checked, and I can actually hear the difference between them in terms of the missing fundamental effect. Did I mention that you can omit 7/4 from the overtone scale between the 8th and 16th harmonics and still end up with a scale demonstrating Rothenberg propriety, whereas you can't do that if you omit 15/8? Yes, I work heavily with complex harmony, and so, the melody should be able to go well with the harmony without being mistuned- key changes, or even a series of rapid-fire key changes, are another story, as in those cases, the harmony is deliberately mistuned for the sake of transitions and a sense of instability. It is true that there as such a thing as an EDO that is too big, however, the reason I'm still a fan of something like 159edo is because in JI, you frequently have to deal with commas that are less than 3.5 cents- which are unnoticeable even when two notes differing by that amount are played together- and compared to all those different notes in JI differing by commas that size, something like 159edo brings a great deal of simplification. As to a verbose response? That's par for the course at times as far as I'm concerned. --Aura (talk) 16:13, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- I guess at the end of the day, my point is that harmony has a way of exerting some measure of control over the tuning of the notes in the melody, and thus the intervals that are used as a result. If your preference is different, well, that's the way it is, but nevertheless, more precise tunings do matter, and although there appears to be some degree of tolerance for mistuning, such as in how 27/16 and 32/19 are virtually indistinguishable, I'd still prefer to take some finer distinctions more seriously. --Aura (talk) 19:52, 18 December 2020 (UTC)

- 15/8 is a pretty different case to 16/15 IMO, and one of the reasons for preferring 15/14 and 17/16 over 16/15 is because they represent better intervals for
*stepping upwards*while 16/15 represents a good interval for*stepping downwards*, plus personal preference as aforementioned. Also consider that 15/8 can be expressed as (3/2)(5/4), both already existing in the list of superparticulars, while 16/15 = (4/3)/(5/4) and so is again implicit in existing superparticulars. This means that the lower superparticulars can be used to emphasize/help evidence these subtler intervals' existences in a chord. In other words, I believe prioritising the accuracy of the simpler superparticulars is worth sacrificing the accuracy of*some*more complex ones but that specific complex superparticulars of interest should ideally especially be represented with accuracy. For example, for stepping up, 15/14 is a pleasing wider minor second to me with a nice ring to it, and 17/16 a darker, more shimmery and slightly more familiar alternative. And it isn't that I don't take finer distinctions more seriously, just that, in the context of approximate systems, you (IMO) kind of compromise their 'seriousness' (with respect to JI) anyway, and I see simplification as a good thing. Also, IMO, 16/15's power of 2 isn't very easy to hear unless there are more tones emphasizing the 16 and I think this applies more generally for intervals whose numerators are powers of 2 greater than 8. Oh and out of curiosity, what is the largest (in cents) comma you're comfortable with (intentionally) tempering? Godtone (talk) 21:57, 20 December 2020 (UTC)

- 15/8 is a pretty different case to 16/15 IMO, and one of the reasons for preferring 15/14 and 17/16 over 16/15 is because they represent better intervals for

- Well, I can indeed hear 16/15's power of two with just the two notes involved- particularly when the notes are set up high. I've done the experiments with Audacity using nearly pure tones, and 16/15 is the interval that strikes me as being the most natural for a leading tone in either direction. It may be true that I do compromise the seriousness of JI in some respects when it comes to those smaller commas, but the largest comma I'm comfortable with intentionally and directly tempering out for sure (outside of the 12edo-based systems that I'm actually quite familiar with) is the keenanisma, which is only about 4.503 cents, and even then, that is situational. When it comes to commas regarding fifths, I'd have to say Mercator's comma- which is about 3.615 cents wide- is the best, as it's the smallest 3-limit comma that can be tempered out for an EDO while still ending up with a reasonable step size. --Aura (talk) 22:34, 20 December 2020 (UTC)

- Excuse me, I think I see what you mean about 16/15 being good for stepping downwards- that is, you're talking about the difference between your Tonic and the note a semitone below it. When I was talking about 16/15's power of two, I was thinking of just such an arrangement. I understand why you might prefer 17/16 in particular for the interval between the Tonic and the note located a Semitone above it, however, I have to admit that I'm not just limited to the most common ideas for diatonic modes, or even Bass-Up tonality. I also work with both Locrian mode Treble-Down tonality. --Aura (talk) 02:44, 21 December 2020 (UTC)

## Reduce comma tables on EDO pages

Please have a look at Xenharmonic Wiki: Things to do #Comma tables in EDO_pages. Thanks --Xenwolf (talk) 09:09, 11 January 2021 (UTC)

## Comment on your proposal on EDO subgroups

For reference, here is the proposal.--Godtone (talk) 04:59, 22 January 2021 (UTC)

- Edit: Fixed link, also, to find the beginning of my proposal, Ctrl+F "Start of suggestion/reply by Godtone" once there (or scroll down a bit). --Godtone (talk)

I don't know about you, but when it comes to picking EDOs based on Subgroups, I'm actually kind of big on something I call "telicity". While I admit that I haven't managed to express the concept very well as of yet, perhaps we could talk about this and clarify the concept, as I'd like to see this sort of thing mentioned in terms of how well an EDO approximates a given subgroup structure-wise. --Aura (talk) 04:26, 22 January 2021 (UTC)

For the record, "telicity", as a concept, builds on Inthar's concept of "Consistency to distance *d*" in terms of its core definition. While I often use the term "telicity" to refer to this concept as a whole, perhaps in order to define this concept itself more clearly, I need to unpack it by first looking at the adjective "telic", as "telicity" itself means "the quality or state of being telic".

For its part, "telic", when used to describe an EDO, can be defined as "able to successfully stack a number of instances of a given prime's patent interval to connect with an interval belonging to a chain created by a lower prime's patent interval (designated as the 'telos') without either accumulating 50% relative error or more at any point in the process on the part of either prime's patent interval chain, or, creating as mismatch in results between the direct mapping and the more complicated traditional mapping for any interval along the chain – all by means of tempering one or more commas smaller than half a step". From this, we get the definition of "telic" when used to describe a comma, which "able to join two distinct prime interval chains [in the aforementioned manner] by being tempered".

I'm not going over the parts of these definitions concerning combinations of primes yet, as we need to find the right way to express these.

Anyhow, with this in mind, "multitelicity" means "the quality or state of being multitelic", while "multitelic", for its part, is an adjective describing an EDO that is telic in a given multiprime relationship by more than one means. Also, it is from the sense of "telic" used to describe a comma that we get "telicity range", which is "the numerical range in which a given comma is telic" – this range is often designated by the number of the steps in the highest EDO to fall in this range, as the lowest EDO to fall in this range is always assumed to be 1edo.

For the record, part of the reason I'm limiting myself to chains of prime intervals at the moment is because judging from my own exploration of Alpharabian tuning, pure prime chains seem to have a way of acting as the borders for the tuning space of the various combinations of the primes in question. When two primes come together via telicity, the tuning space for combinations of those two primes seems to be finite, and thus, more manageable- on one corner is the unison, and on the other corner is the place where the two primes come together. Aside from this, the other part of the reason I'm limiting myself to pure prime chains is that in some respects, I haven't gotten around to those combinations yet- after all, I need to start with the basics of the concept first. It is true that there are less-straight paths available in the harmonic lattice, but when you want to return to the initial Tonic, as I myself often do, those less-straight paths are often more difficult to navigate, especially when you're dealing with higher primes in higher EDOs- I know this from experience, as I really like working in 159edo. Telicity gives easier-to-navigate paths for modulation, and sometimes, those paths are quite unexpected. For example, suppose you want to modulate down by a 32/27 minor third from your initial Tonic, but you know that the most expected way to get there is by chains of 3/2 fifths- well, it turns out that the nexus comma, which is unnoticeable and thus has a pretty high telicity range, joins the 11/8 prime chain together with the 3/2 prime chain at just that particular point, thus, going up by a chain of six 11/8 intervals allows you to reach the note at 32/27 below your original tonic by unexpected means. From there, you can simply modulate by a chain of perfect 3/2 fifths back to your original Tonic. --Aura (talk) 04:32, 22 January 2021 (UTC)

- Hi. To my understanding, the idea of "telicity" is very related to the idea of a "circle of n'ths" where "n" is some interval of interest. Specifically, it's connectivity between two such circles where both circles are of primes, and where the patent val for an EDO agrees with this connection. Is that correct?
- In terms of circles of intervals, my current favourite EDO is 80 EDO which has a lot of amazingly strong circles that close at the unison when octave-reduced, and where some of these generate all of 80 EDO while others generate sub-EDOs of 80 EDO, although that's just one reason I like 80 EDO. The intervals of significance that generate the entirety of 80 EDO - with less than half a step of error left over - are 11/10, 39/38, 17/16 and 9/7 (in order of increasing error). (116/115 is a very good and consistent approximation of 1\80, but it accrues a little too much error to be included in that restriction.) Remarkable commas tempered involving these intervals are (9/7)^3/(17/8) and (9/7)/(11/10)^2/(17/16), with 39/38 instead being linked to the 10 EDO subset being a circle of 16/13's through (39/38)(17/16)^2/(16/13) and providing a high accuracy "skeleton" for the 19-prime-limit. As you seem to be interested in [[[159edo|159 EDO]], I did notice that it is almost exactly half of that, due to 3\80 being very close in size to 2\53 to the extent that you can use 80 ED8 as an alternative tuning of 53 ED4, with both representing the 2.3.5.13.19 subgroup.
- I will also mention that 87 EDO is very related to 80 EDO, but emphasizes accuracy in the 5- and 13-prime-limit as opposed to the 19-prime-limit of 80 EDO (and I'd argue 80 EDO deals generally well with the 29- (or at least 23-)prime-limit for its size), as both are tunings of the Tolermic family and its extensions up to the 17-prime-limit, and it may be interesting to you too as it has a 29 EDO circle of fifths, but all primes up to and including 13 are one step flat of the nearest 29 EDO note, creating a very simple and elegant model of connectivity. 87 is (IMO) very recommendable if you want approximations of the 13-limit but still want all of the intervals to be musically meaningful to distinguish in the senses of colour and melody.
- (Note: like 80, unfortunately, 87's worst prime is 7, but the error and relative error is less and in the opposite direction.)
- --Godtone (talk) 08:45, 22 January 2021 (UTC)

- I'm afraid your understanding of the concept of telicity is an oversimplification. While the concept of telicity does in fact include the idea of a "circle of n'ths" where "n" is some interval of interest, incomplete circles are counted if the telos prime is something other than 2, hence the term "chains", and while the concept of telicity not only involves connectivity between multiple chains- specifically of primes- and the the patent val for an EDO agreeing with the connection, the fact remains that the direct mapping for every interval in both chains up to the point of connection must also agree with the connection.

- Stated more mathematically, where "N" is the number of steps in a given EDO, "r" is the ratio of an interval in one of the two prime chains, and "M" is the monzo of "r", the equation {N, round(log2(3)*N), round(log2(5)*N), round(log2(7)*N), round(log2(11)*N), ...}.{M} = round(log2(r)*N)
*must*hold true along*both*prime chains up to and including the point of connection.

- Stated more mathematically, where "N" is the number of steps in a given EDO, "r" is the ratio of an interval in one of the two prime chains, and "M" is the monzo of "r", the equation {N, round(log2(3)*N), round(log2(5)*N), round(log2(7)*N), round(log2(11)*N), ...}.{M} = round(log2(r)*N)

- Just looking at 3-to-2 telicity, which, by definition, involves a circle of fifths as the 2-prime is the only available telos for the 3 prime chain, the first seven EDOs that pass the test for this telicity are 2, 5, 12, 24, 53, 106, and 159. 80edo, despite being almost half of 159edo, fails the test, which is why I'm not interested in it, the same is true of both 29edo and 87edo. --Aura (talk) 21:30, 22 January 2021 (UTC)

- "while the concept of telicity not only involves connectivity between multiple chains- specifically of primes- and the the patent val for an EDO agreeing with the connection, the fact remains that the direct mapping for every interval in both chains up to the point of connection must also agree with the connection."

Yes, I understood that part. I never said that the circles must accumulate less than half an EDOstep of error in their full/completed chains in an EDO or sub-EDO. I don't think a "circle" of an interval has to necessarily close on (a multiple of) the octave within half an EDOstep to be used as a "circle" because the interval could still be very or sufficiently accurate, although in the case of larger EDOs, having*some*strong circles that fulfill that condition is important for orientation. I now see my definition is technically not specific enough and would require that the error of generators don't accumulate so much as to cause inconsistency at any point in the chain up to the connection, but I was mainly intent on confirming understanding rather than restating the definition exactly.

Also, I never claimed that EDOs 80, 29 or 87 succeed telicity in the 2.3 subgroup. That doesn't mean their circle of fifths or circles of other intervals can't be useful, interesting or equally valid as a method of organising them, for example the "circle of fifths" in meantone does not necessarily close within 50c to the octave, depending on tuning. --Godtone (talk) 22:21, 22 January 2021 (UTC)

- "while the concept of telicity not only involves connectivity between multiple chains- specifically of primes- and the the patent val for an EDO agreeing with the connection, the fact remains that the direct mapping for every interval in both chains up to the point of connection must also agree with the connection."

- I must admit that I wanted to make sure your understanding was completely correct before I confirmed it, as you can never completely tell online. Yes, it's true that there are other EDOs with other circles of fifths, but if they don't succeed at having telicity, I find them to be less than ideal, since the 3-prime is the most commonly used prime outside the octave. That said, you did more or less hit the nail on the head when you mentioned that large EDOs need some strong circles that fulfill the telicity condition for the sake of orientation- in fact, even something like the 11-to-3 telicity of 159edo and 24edo is very useful for navigation, though making the best use of this kind of telicity involves building on good 3-to-2 telicity. --Aura (talk) 00:38, 23 January 2021 (UTC)

## 159edo and Composition

Hey, I'm curious as to whether or not you've heard my songs "Space Tour" and "Welcome to Dystopia" and what your impressions of those songs are, especially since between the two of them, they show off some of 159edo's tricks pretty well. --Aura (talk) 20:04, 7 February 2021 (UTC)

## Corrections

Hi Godtone,

Sometimes it can be a bit confusing to get the cent values right ([1], [2]) 😊 but I prefer these kinds of changes to accepting things we feel are wrong just because they are written there. Have a nice day! --Xenwolf (talk) 07:07, 12 May 2021 (UTC)

- Ah yeah, there was a mistake that confused me where it said 5.3c flat rather than 5.3c sharp so that confused me, it was odd because when doing edits I always try to double-check especially if its editing things like cent values which need to be exactly correct. --Godtone (talk) 18:09, 12 May 2021 (UTC)

## Meaning of a sentence

Hi Godtone, in 161edo, you added a sentence, of which the part “in the 100 to 200 range” is unclear to me. Can you clarify this a bit? Thanks in advance. --Xenwolf (talk) 14:30, 6 March 2022 (UTC)

- So a copy and paste error of some sort? I found a similar addition to 181edo (surely your recent edits were the reason for your comment and ultimately my question). In that case, the part in question should be removed. But let's wait and see what Godtone answers. --Xenwolf (talk) 15:55, 6 March 2022 (UTC)

- Yes sorry, I thought it was clear but in retrospect it could be talking about harmonics not patent val EDOs. The reason I wrote it in such a way is because its concise and seemed unambiguous to me, but also because I'm not sure how to make "from 100 EDO to 200 EDO" sound right... is it "in the range of EDOs 100 to 200" or "from 100 to 200 EDO" or something else? --Godtone (talk) 19:17, 6 March 2022 (UTC)

- Oh and the reason it appears in the edit history of 181 EDO is because I accidentally added the sentence to the wrong EDO as I had misremembered the number of the EDO, but I removed that sentence from the page for 181 EDO when I realised. I am sure that the one here is right: 183edo#Prime_harmonics. 161edo is also quite a strong system so I am pretty sure that one is right as it came second to 183 EDO a lot. Note 161 EDO's great strength as a no-9's 21-odd-limit system. --Godtone (talk) 19:31, 6 March 2022 (UTC)

## Comma name proposal for 256/255: "charisma" vs "charsma"

Hi Godtone,

I never accept your name proposal for 256/255 ("charisma" and "charismic", formerly used for horcrux extensions), but its associated temperament name "charic" (2.3.5.17 subgroup rank-3). For disambiguation, 256/255 should be renamed "char comma", "charic comma" or "charsma" (no-*i* spelling). Then its associated temperament name for full 17-limit rank-6 would be called "charsmic". Do you deal it? --Xenllium (talk) 10:34, 6 January 2024 (UTC)

## Tempering vs tempering out

Please make sure not to use the generic *temper* to refer to *temper out* or less commonly *temper away*. I notice you've done this a number of times. FloraC (talk) 07:49, 24 June 2024 (UTC)