Kirnberger's atom
Factorization | 2^{161} × 3^{-84} × 5^{-12} |
Monzo | [161 -84 -12⟩ |
Size in cents | 0.015360929¢ |
Name | Kirnberger's atom |
Color name | s^{14}g^{12}12, sepbisa-quadtrigu 12th |
FJS name | [math]\text{19d12}_{5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5}[/math] |
Special properties | reduced, reduced subharmonic |
Tenney height (log_{2} nd) | 322 |
Weil height (log_{2} max(n, d)) | 322 |
Wilson height (sopfr (nd)) | 634 |
Harmonic entropy (Shannon, [math]\sqrt{nd}[/math]) |
~1.19982 bits |
Comma size | unnoticeable |
open this interval in xen-calc |
Kirnberger's atom ([161 -84 -12⟩), is an unnoticeable 5-limit comma, 0.01536093 cents in size. It is the difference between the syntonic comma and a stack of eleven schismas, between the Pythagorean comma and a stack of twelve schismas, or equivalently, between twelve syntonic commas and eleven Pythagorean commas.
Kirnberger's fifth, which is the perfect fifth of 3/2 flattened by a schisma, is practically identical to seven steps of 12edo, which realizes a rational intonation version of the equal temperament. Kirnberger's atom arises as the tiny interval by which twelve of Kirnberger's fifths exceed seven octaves, (16384/10935)^{12}/2^{7}.
Temperaments
Kirnberger's atom is tempered out in such notable edos as 12, 612, 624, 1236, 1848, 2460, 3072, 3084, 3684, 4296, 4308, 4908, 7980, 12276, 16572, 20868, 25164, 29460, 33756, and 46032, leading to the atomic temperament, in which eleven schismas make up a syntonic comma and twelve schismas make up a Pythagorean comma; any tuning system (41edo, for example) which the number of divisions of the octave is not multiple of 12 cannot be tempering out Kirnberger's atom.
Approximation
However, if one wants to accurately represent the interval without tempering it out, there are very large edos that do this. 78005edo not only has a step size that is very close to Kirnberger's atom and consistently represents it, but it is also one of, if not the most accurate 5-limit edo for its size. 78123edo's step size is even closer, but Kirnberger's atom is not consistently represented (1 step via direct approximation and 3 steps by patent val).