Kirnberger's atom

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Interval information
Factorization 2161 × 3-84 × 5-12
Monzo [161 -84 -12
Size in cents 0.015360929¢
Name Kirnberger's atom
Color name s14g1212, sepbisa-quadtrigu 12th
FJS name [math]\text{19d12}_{5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5}[/math]
Special properties reduced
Tenney height (log2 nd) 322
Weil height (log2 max(n, d)) 322
Wilson height (sopfr (nd)) 634
Harmonic entropy
(Shannon, [math]\sqrt{n\cdot d}[/math])
~2.44129 bits
Comma size unnoticeable
open this interval in xen-calc

Kirnberger's atom, is an unnoticeable 5-limit comma. It is the difference between the syntonic comma and a stack of eleven schismas; [161 -84 -12 in monzo and 0.01536093 cents in size.

Kirnberger's fifth, which is the perfect fifth of 3/2 flattened by a schisma, is practically identical to seven steps of 12edo, which realizes a rational intonation version of the equal temperament. Kirnberger's atom arises as the tiny interval by which twelve of Kirnberger's fifths exceed seven octaves, (16384/10935)12/27.


Kirnberger's atom is tempered out in such notable edos as 12, 612, 624, 1236, 1848, 2460, 3072, 3084, 3684, 4296, 4308, 4908, 7980, 12276, 16572, 20868, 25164, 29460, 33756, and 46032, leading to the atomic temperament, in which eleven schismas make up a syntonic comma and twelve schismas make up a Pythagorean comma; any tuning system (41edo, for example) which the number of divisions of the octave is not multiple of 12 cannot be tempering out Kirnberger's atom.


However, if one wants to accurately represent the interval without tempering it out, there are very large edos that do this. 78005edo not only has a step size that is very close to Kirnberger's atom and consistently represents it, but it is also one of, if not the most accurate 5-limit edo for its size. 78123edo's step size is even closer, but Kirnberger's atom is not consistently represented (1 step via direct approximation and 3 steps by patent val).