# Harmonic

A **harmonic** is a whole-number multiple of the fundamental frequency of a sound. It is an element of the harmonic series.

The timbre of harmonic oscillators, such as a bowed violin or the human voice, contains a nearly infinite amount of harmonic partials, starting with 1*f*, 2*f*, 3*f*, 4*f*... where *f* is the fundamental frequency. Each of these harmonics has a distinct amplitude, generally decreasing as the 'height' of the harmonic increases. The span between any two of these harmonics is called a just interval.

The ancient Greeks called these harmonics "multiples", and considered them to be a unique interval class separate from superparticular and superpartient intervals.

A **subharmonic** is a unit fraction of the fundamental frequency of a sound. It is an element of the subharmonic series.