2187/2048
Ratio | 2187/2048 |
Factorization | 2^{-11} × 3^{7} |
Monzo | [-11 7⟩ |
Size in cents | 113.68501¢ |
Names | apotome, Pythagorean chroma, Pythagorean chromatic semitone, whitewood comma |
Color name | Lw1, lawa unison |
FJS name | [math]\text{A1}[/math] |
Special properties | reduced, reduced harmonic |
Tenney height (log_{2} nd) | 22.0947 |
Weil height (log_{2} max(n, d)) | 22.1895 |
Wilson height (sopfr (nd)) | 43 |
Harmonic entropy (Shannon, [math]\sqrt{n\cdot d}[/math]) |
~4.62809 bits |
Comma size | large |
[sound info] | |
open this interval in xen-calc |
2187/2048, the apotome, also known as the Pythagorean chromatic semitone or the Pythagorean chroma, is the chromatic semitone in the Pythagorean tuning. It is the 3-limit interval between seven perfect just fifths (3/2) and four octaves (2/1): 3^{7}/2^{11} = 2187/2048, and measures about 113.7¢. Unlike the situation in meantone tunings, it is larger, not smaller, than the corresponding diatonic semitone, which is the Pythagorean minor second of 256/243.
The apotome is associated with sharps (#) and flats (b) in the chain-of-fifths notation. For example, in Pythagorean tuning, C and C# in the same octave are exactly an apotome apart. In tempered tuning systems, the mapping of the apotome dictates the size of sharps and flats. For instance, if the apotome is tempered out, then sharps and flats have no effect on pitch in these systems.
Approximation
This interval is well approximated by any tuning generated with accurate octaves and fifths. For example, 5\53 is a very good approximation.
Temperaments
When this ratio is taken as a comma to be tempered in the 5-limit, it produces the whitewood temperament, and it may be called the whitewood comma. See apotome family for extensions thereof.
See also
- 4096/2187 – its octave complement
- Gallery of just intervals
- Large comma
- 25/24 – classic chromatic semitone