# Diesis (scale theory)

The **diesis** (precisely the **mosdiesis**) of a mos scale is the interval that is the difference between two enharmonic notes, i.e. the diminished mosstep or inverse diminished mosstep, whichever is positive. In soft (L:s < 2:1) scales, it is the diminished mosstep. In hard (L:s > 2:1) scales, it is the inverse diminished mosstep, since the diminished mosstep itself is negative. In basic (L:s = 2:1) scales, it vanishes.

The diesis or **enharmonic diesis** in the diatonic scale is the diminished second or inverse diminished second, whichever is positive. For example, the interval of C♯ – D♭. If the fifth represents the just interval 3/2, the diesis or inverse diesis represents the Pythagorean comma. In meantone, it approximates a class of commas separated by the syntonic comma, among which 128/125, the augmented comma, is notable for being tuned pure in quarter-comma meantone. Therefore *diesis* traditionally refers to the augmented comma by default. Other dieses are

- 648/625, the major diesis, tuned pure in 1/3-comma meantone.
- 2048/2025, the diaschisma, tuned pure in 1/6-comma meantone.
- 32805/32768, the schisma, tuned pure in 1/12-comma meantone.

## See also

- Diesis (disambiguation page)