Besides the relationship above, it is also the difference between 18/17 and 2187/2048, between 17/12 and 1024/729, and their respective inverses. Furthermore, it and the septendecimal schisma 2187/2176 make a Pythagorean comma.
The septendecimal comma is significant in the Functional Just System as the 17-limit formal comma which translates a Pythagorean interval to a nearby septendecimal interval. Consequently, 17/16 is represented as a minor second. In Helmholtz-Ellis notation (2020 version), however, that role is taken by 2187/2176, so 17/16 is represented as an augmented unison.