# Alternating generator sequence

**Alternating generator sequence** (**AGS**) is a scale-building procedure first described by Scott Dakota. The notation AGS(x_{1}, ..., x_{r}) denotes a scale-building procedure where a (periodic) scale is built by stacking x_{1} first, x_{2} second, ..., reducing by the scale's equave when necessary. When x_{r} is stacked, we go back to x_{1} and start stacking x_{1} again, then x_{2}, ... Currently, the study of AGSs is dominated by constant structure AGS scales, which are obtained by stopping the stacking procedure at scale sizes that yield constant-structure scales. A term using "cyclic" may be preferable, as "alternating" insinuates that the sequence repeats with period 2.

Certain generator-offset scales are examples. For example, diasem is AGS(8/7, 7/6) or AGS(7/6, 8/7) depending on chirality. The trivial case AGS(x) is stacking a single generator x to make a rank-2 scale, such as a MOS scale.

When all generators x_{i} in the AGS recipe AGS(x_{1}, ..., x_{r}) subtend the same number of steps, and the leftover interval after stacking *n* − 1 of the generators in the recipe (analogous to the imperfect generator in MOS scales) also subtends this number of steps, we call the resulting scale *well-formed AGS*. In such a situation, we call the (logarithmic) average of the generators the *guide generator*.

## AGS scale series

Only CS sizes at least 5 are listed.

- The Zarlino series, AGS(5/4, 6/5): 5, 7, 10, 17, 24, 41, 65
- Other scales with the same AGS structure of two thirds adding up to 3/2 share the same CS sizes, including undecimal Zarlino (AGS(11/9, 27/22)), and Neogothic Zarlino (AGS(14/11, 13/11) with 364/363 tempered), although the latter may break at higher sizes depending on how the intervals are tuned.

- The Tas/diasem series, AGS(7/6, 8/7): 5, 9, 14, 19, 24, 29
- The Tri-Stone series, AGS(3/2, 14/9): 5, 8, 13, 18
- The Zil series, AGS(8/7, 7/6, 8/7, 7/6, 8/7, 7/6, 8/7, 189/160, 8/7, 7/6): 5, 9, 14, 19, 24
- The Porcusmine series, AGS(9/5, 50/27): 5, 6, 7, 8, 15, 23, 38, 61, 99
- An unnamed 5-limit Mavila detemper, AGS(3/2, 3/2, 64/45): 5, 7, 9, 16, 25
- The Rhombi series, AGS(14/9, 11/7, 52/33, 81/52): 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 31, 48, 65
- The Dwyn series: AGS(25/24 21/20 22/21 23/22 24/23 21/20 22/21 23/22 24/23): 15, 16, 31, 46
- AGS(7/5, 19/14, 80/57)
- AGS(19/14, 51/38, 23/17, 63/46, 19/14, 51/38, 23/17, 896/621)
- AGS(13/11, 16/13, 77/64, 13/11, 16/13, 33/28): 7, 11, 15, 19

## Conjectures about AGS scales

- If
*S*is a monotonic well-formed AGS scale, then it is generically constant structure. - Let
*n*be the length of a constant structure well-formed AGS scale*S*with equave E. Then*n*is the cardinality of an E-equivalent primitive MOS generated by the guide generator of*S*.