5/4

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Interval information
JI glyph 5 4 glyph.png
Ratio 5/4
Monzo [-2 0 1
Size in cents 386.31371
Name(s) classic major third
Color name y3, yo 3rd
FJS name M35

[sound info]

In 5-limit Just Intonation, 5/4 is the frequency ratio between the 5th and 4th harmonics. It has been called the just major third or classic major third to distinguish it from other intervals in that neighborhood. Measuring about 386.3¢, it is about 13.7¢ away from 12edo's major third of 400¢. It has a distinctive "sweet" sound, and has been described as more "laid back" than its 12edo counterpart. Providing a novel consonance after 3, it is the basis for 5-limit harmony. It is distinguished from the Pythagorean major third of 81/64 by the syntonic comma of 81/80, which measures about 21.5¢. 81/64 and 5/4 are both just intonation "major thirds", 81/64 having a more active and discordant quality, 5/4 sounding more "restful".

In the context of the harmonic series, 5/4 can be heard between the 4th and 5th member of the series, demonstrated here melodically in singing into a resonant udderbot (from the fundamental up to 5 and then noodling between 5 and 4).

See also